It is important that the tourism industry in Indonesia has increased its contribution to gross domestic product (GDP), as it will result in more foreign exchange gains (since each foreign visitor spends between $ 1,100 and $ 1,200 per average visit, ) while providing employment opportunities to the Indonesian population (based on the latest data from Statistics Indonesia, the country's unemployment rate was 5.81 percent in February 2015).
Indonesia hopes that a significant number of tourist arrivals from China in the coming months until the end of December. Their participation in last week's China International Travel Mart (CITM) 2015 in Kunming, could make them happen such expectations, according to Tourism Minister Arief Yahya Indonesia. He attended the three-day event that opened on 13 November 2015. The CITM is one of the largest trade and consumer travel fairs in Asia. Chinese Tourism Market : +150% since 2014 !
officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia [rɛpublik ɪndonesia]), is a country in Southeast Asia. Situated between the Indian and Pacific Ocean, it is the largest island country, with more than thirteen thousand islands. It has an estimated population of over 258 million people and is the world's fourth most populous country as well as the most populous Muslim majority country. The world's most populous island of Java contains more than half of the country's population.
Indonesia's republican form of government includes an elected legislature and president. Indonesia has 34 provinces, of which five have Special Administrative status. Its capital city is Jakarta. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Malaysia. Other neighbouring countries include Singapore, thePhilippines, Australia, Palau, and the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Indonesia is a founding member of ASEAN and a member of the G-20 major economies. The Indonesian economy is the world's 16th largest by nominal GDP and the 8th largest by GDP at PPP
9% of the employment linked to Tourism
It is estimated that about nine percent of the total national workforce in Indonesia is employed in the tourism sector. Currently, the Indonesia tourism sector represents about four percent of the total economy. In 2019, the Indonesian government wants to have doubled this figure to 8 percent of GDP (perhaps too ambitious) ambitious target which implies that, in the next four years the number of visitors to turn 20 million. To achieve this objective, the government will focus on improving Indonesia's infrastructure (including ICT infrastructure), accessibility, health and hygiene, as well as improvement of online campaigns (marketing) abroad. The government also revised its policy on visa-free access in 2015 (for details, see below) to attract more foreign tourists.
The table above shows that the number of foreign tourist arrivals in Indonesia has been growing between 2007 and 2015. This performance is supported by a reduction in terrorist incidents in Indonesia. Although small, there is a radical Muslim community who not only believes that Islam should be the only guide in life (and society), but also ready to resort to extreme measures (violence) to reform and root out conditions . A series of attacks against Western terrorists (2002/2005 Bali bombings and shelling in 2009 Ritz-Carlton / Marriott in Jakarta) has obtained the arrival of foreign tourists as a large group of western Indonesia ignored stagnate as a holiday destination in the months after such a violent incident (less than a year the number of tourists recover). 2009 bombing Ritz-Carlton / Marriott explain why the growth of tourist arrivals in 2009 was limited (see table above). After 2009, there were no terrorist attacks targeting Westerners. This success is due to the special anti-terrorist platoon of the country's efforts (Densus 88), which is funded by the US government and is led by the CIA, FBI and the US Secret Service. After 2009, when radical groups started operating in smaller networks (which are more difficult to identify) attacks targeted symbols of the State of Indonesia (like the police) and not symbols of the Western world. This is probably a reaction to the numerous arrests of Densus 88 in recent years.
The Travel Market in Indonesia influenced by Chinese Outbound tourism
What blocks the development of the tourism industry in Indonesia? In the Competitiveness Report Travel and Tourism World Economic Forum, which "measures the number of factors and policies for sustainable development of travel and tourism, which contributes to the development and competitiveness of a country," Indonesia rose from 70th in 2013 to 50 in 2015, an impressive improvement. This jump was caused by the rapid increase in arrivals of foreign visitors, the national tourism industry priority and investment in Indonesia's infrastructure (eg mobile phone network covers now most of the country, while the air transport infrastructure has been expanded). The report indicates that the competitive advantages of Indonesia are price competitiveness, rich natural resources (biodiversity), and the presence of several heritage sites.
However, the report also said that Indonesia does not place enough emphasis on environmental sustainability (from deforestation and endangered species, while only a fraction of the water used is treated). The report also mentions security issues, particularly the cost of terrorism cases. Another concern is that Indonesia is behind Singapore (11), Malaysia (25) and Thailand (35 °) in the ranking Report Travel and Tourism Competitiveness 2015.
The lack of adequate infrastructure in Indonesia is a persistent problem, not only for its costs sharply higher logistics which makes it less attractive investment climate, but also because it limits the travel of sweetness for tourists. Infrastructure Bali is great and acceptable in Jakarta (except for traffic congestion grave), but outside of Bali and Jakarta most countries the infrastructure is inadequate, especially in the eastern part of Indonesia, where there is a shortage airports, ports, roads and hotels. The lack of inter and intra-island connectivity means that a number of regions in Indonesia that contain a huge tourist potential is not easy.
In addition to infrastructure, education is also an obstacle. While on the island of Bali, as well as in luxury hotels in Jakarta indigenous people working in the tourism sector, they are quite fluent in English (and sometimes other languages that are not in Indonesia ), in the most remote areas native Indonesia have difficulty communicating with tourists. Therefore, focus on the study of English help to overcome this situation. The language barrier has been a part of Singapore to choose Malaysia as their holiday destination rather than Indonesia. Most foreign visitors entering Indonesia are Singapore, followed by Malaysia and Australia.