China education is the largest education system in the world. On June 2017, there were 9.4 million students taking the National Higher Education Entrance Examination (Gao Kao) in China. Investment in education accounts for about 4% of total GDP in China. In 1986, the Chinese government passed a compulsory education law, making nine years of education mandatory for all Chinese children. Today, the Ministry of Education estimates that above 99 percent of the school-age children have received universal nine-year basic education. On March 2017, Ministry of Education of the People's Republic of China announced a total of 442,773 international students were studying in China in 2016. International students have enrolled in over 829 higher education institutions in China.
China is improving the quality of education
China has a long history of providing education to international students studying in high schools and universities in China. Over the past few years, the number of international students who study abroad in China has significantly increased every year. The higher education sector has growth as well. China has increased the proportion of its college-age population in higher education to over 20 percent now from 1.4 percent in 1978. At the same time, China is improving the quality of education through a major effort at school curriculum reform. In addition to these figures according to ICEF Monitor, almost half of a Chinese 20 year old’s per capita consumption is spent on education, to put this into perspective for an American this is less than a quarter. These expenditures are significant and set to continue to rise with the burgeoning Chinese middle class, particularly on the east coast of the country.
More Private school, opening in 2018
The growing market is for local Chinese families who want the best high quality overseas experience for their children, but in Shanghai. So, I think the development in the coming years will much more be [in the form of] bilingual schools,” says Gerard MacMahon, the Master of Wellington College, an international school that was formed from a partnership between the renowned private school Wellington College in England and Shanghai Lujiazui Group, which owns the property the school is situated on. Wellington College and Shanghai Lujiazui Group also have a private school, opening in 2018, that offers a bilingual education specifically designed for Chinese families. These bilingual private schools (Category II) will continue to grow in Shanghai to meet the rising demand for high quality Western education by local affluent families.